Care Diagnostic Center

AMNIOCENTESIS

3Amniocentesis is a prenatal test that allows your healthcare practitioner to gather information about your baby's health from a sample of your amniotic fluid. This is the fluid that surrounds your baby in the uterus.

Amniocentesis is a prenatal test in which a small amount of amniotic fluid is removed from the sac surrounding the fetus for testing. The sample of amniotic fluid is removed through a fine needle inserted into the uterus through the abdomen, under ultrasound guidance.



WHY IS AN AMNIOCENTESIS PERFORMED

Amniocentesis is performed to confirm the presensce or absence of GENETICAL DEFECTS in the fetus which otherwise cannot be performed by any other method. Genetic defects such as Down Syndrome, Sickle cell disease, Cystic fibrosis...

TO WHOM IT IS OFFERED?

The prenatal test is generally offered to women who have a significant risk for genetic diseases, including those who:

  • Have an abnormal ultrasound or high risk prenatal screening (Dual/ Quadruple Test) results.
  • Have a family history of certain birth defects.
  • Have previously had a child or pregnancy with a birth defect.

RAPID TEST (QFPCR): A rapid test which looks for abnormalities on specific chromosomes

  • Have an abnormal ultrasound or high risk prenatal screening (Dual/ Quadruple Test) results.

The results of a rapid test should be ready after 3-4 working days.

FULL KARYOTYPE looks for the number and appearance of chromosomes and analyse the chromosomal structure, number and arrangement. Karyotyping is the confirmatory diagnostic test for chromosomal conditions in fetus.

  • The results of a full karyotype will usually be ready in 2-3 weeks.
  • For Pregnancies < 17 weeks- Full Karyotype
  • For Pregnancies > 17 weeks- QFPCR+ Full Karyotype.