A mammogram is an x-ray picture of the breast. It can be used to check for breast cancer in women who have no signs or symptoms of the disease. It can also be used if you have a lump or other sign of breast cancer. Screening mammography is the type of mammogram that checks you when you have no symptoms. It can help reduce the number of deaths from breast cancer among women ages 40 to 70. Mammograms can sometimes find something that looks abnormal but isn't cancer.
Mammograms are also recommended for younger women who have symptoms of breast cancer or who have a high risk of the disease. When you have a mammogram, you stand in front of an x-ray machine. The person who takes the x-rays places your breast between two plastic plates. The plates press your breast and make it flat. This may be uncomfortable, but it helps get a clear picture.
Female gender and with advance age.
Early menstruation (before 12).
Who do not have children.
First child after the age of 30.
Prolonged hormone therapy.
Family History of cancer, specially of Breast Cancer.
Lump in the breast or armpit, Change in size or shape of breast, Nipple distortion, Bloody nipple discharge, skin dimpling, skin redness/rash, Skin ulcer & blister that does not heal, pain in the breast that travels to armpit and neck
Do not schedule your mammogram for the week before your menstrual period if your breasts are usually tender during this time. The best time for a mammogram is one week following your period. Always inform your doctor or x-ray technologist if there is any possibility that you are pregnant.
Do not wear deodorant, talcum powder or lotion under your arms or on your breasts on the day of the exam. These can appear on the mammogram as calcium spots.
Describe any breast symptoms or problems to the technologist performing the exam.
Obtain your prior mammograms and make them available to the radiologist if they were done at a different location. This is needed for comparison with your current exam and can often be obtained on a CD.
Ask when your results will be available; do not assume the results are normal if you do not hear from your doctor or the mammography facility..
X-Ray digital mammography.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC).
Tumor markers & other lab tests (CEA, CA15-3,ER/PR, HER2 & BRCA-1 & 2 for gene testing.